Recovery in performance sport

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Harry Fisher with Julie Gooderick

Athletic success depends primarily on the combination of genetic endowment, training, technique, equipment, and proper nutrition. Training is an organised process whereby the body and mind are exposed to stressors, in the hope that adaptation will occur. However, this requires proper organisation of training and recovery. The balance of training and recovery will be paramount in the success or failure of the training component if adaptation is to be achieved. Recovery must be considered a crucial factor in the foundations of all programmes, and athletes who frequently do not have sufficient recovery time, may well see a decrement in both short and long term performance. The aim of this article is to discuss theories of recovery and adaptation; then to review different macro and micro strategies in terms of their advantages and disadvantages, as well as strategies for implementation.

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